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Found 5 results

  1. So after a few years of GST and ST it became apparent that my hip problem was just a bit more than stiffness and inflexibility from too many years of being a typical Westernized adult. So after being examined by a consultant physician in musculoskeletal sport and exercise medicine and an x-ray it was found that "moderate to severe degenerative changes are noted at bot hips (LT>RT) with reduction of the supero-lateral joint space, articular scleorsis and sub-cortical cyst formation. There is a CAM deformity of the left femoral head neck junction. There is mild osteitis pubis The SI joints are well maintained" A bit over my head but that I have arthritis in my hip which is why my ROM is poor. Through ST and being sensible over the last few years its not so bad and have made some progress, but I fear that I will never become particularly flexible. I have attended a couple of workshops in London over the past couple of years and have spoken to Kit and Olivia about this and both have been extremely helpful but it's only now that it is confirmed that my hip issue is actually arthritis. So my question is this, has anyone had experience either personally or through helping someone with it to rehab or even get more flexible ? I'm not looking to get extremely flexible but tying my laces is uncomfortable and sitting cross legged is not possible either. So if I could get back to that point I would be very happy. John
  2. Are there any physiotherapists reading this? I’d appreciate hearing from them as well of course from the ST community. One of my students (56 yrs old) has revealed that she has knee osteoarthritis (confirmed by MRI scans) in the medial cartilages of both knees. This is clearly a concern, because of the considerable chance that it will progress and she will end up needing knee replacements. Not only are knee replacements painful, but they only last about 15 years and a further operation (by which time the patient is usually very elderly) is problematic. Because 90% of knee replacements are to the medial bearing surface in the knee, unless this cartilage has some intrinsic weakness (and there is no evidence for this), then it suggests that some of the load in walking has not been shared properly between the medial and lateral cartilages, and that the medial cartilage has taken most of the load. Therefore it has an origin in faulty biomechanics (from the reviews I have found, this seems to be the generally accepted view). Faulty biomechanics could include faulty use of the leg muscles, faulty tracking of the knee joint in walking, faulty alignment of the foot (e.g rolling out, attempts to correct pronation), etc. If faulty biomechanics causes a problem that can escalate to catastrophic levels, it seems to me that it correct biomechanics should be introduced as early as possible, and preferably used all ones life – and that it should be taught routinely. This is what I attempt to do with a yoga standing exercise (of which more later). It is interesting that in my searches on the internet, there seems very little discussion of the importance of correct biomechanics in relation to this issue, how correct biomechanics are trained, and how they may be important in preventing knee osteoarthritis. Most of the attention seems devoted to dealing with patients who already have substantial knee osteoarthritis. One of the few reviews I have found is the following: Reeves ND, Bowling FL. (2011) “Conservative biomechanical strategies for knee osteoarthritis.” Nat Rev Rheumatol. 7(2):113-22. This needs a paid-for subscription, and the abstract from Pubmed is attached at the end of this message for anyone who wants to read it. As far as I can tell, this is an influential review, and many other sources on the web seem to copy its arguments (even if they don’t cite it). Reeves and Bowling say that the main danger is that the knee joint “bows out” to the side in walking (this is also known as knee varus or knee adduction). In the midphase of the stride the weight is in the midline of the body, but the weight is taken only on one leg which is not in line with the direction that the weight is acting. If incorrect muscle action is used, the knee may bow out to the side, meaning that most of the weight is taken on the medial cartilage, which wears (see attached diagram). Apart from using prostheses etc, the main strategy seems to be strengthening of the leg muscles to stop it getting worse. (the third diagram shows what leads to excessive force on the medial cartilage; in each case, the centre line of the body is to the right of each diagram) If you think what the leg muscles have to do to keep the weight directed along the line of the leg during all phases of the stride it is in fact a very complicated process, and I doubt if one could explicitly describe and learn it as such. What I do in my yoga standing exercise is to encourage muscle awareness of what happens when the muscles of the leg are all lightly but evenly engaged, and that one can “feel” the ground and the weight of the body traversing the length of the leg to all parts of the foot. The encouragement is not to use minimum awareness and not to let the leg muscles get lazy (which might lead to some muscles switching off). It seems to me that this is a very important issue and I am surprised that I have not been able to find any more resources on it. I have adapted a yoga exercise to deal with what is potentially a major medical problem. I need to know if I am using the best approach. As for my student, the physio she had earlier who diagnosed the osteoarthritis did not suggest any corrective action, so I presume this physio’s approach would be to leave her alone and let whatever started the process off continue until it crippled her. I have instead suggested that she should go to the most experienced and wisest physio I know. I hope that correct biomechanical training will reduce the load on the medial cartilage and stop any progression of the osteoarthritis. So my question is: what are the best exercises for normal people who do not yet show any signs of knee osteoarthritis, to ensure that they use the best biomechanics in walking, and have the minimum chance of developing knee osteoarthritis? Is a yoga standing exercise the best approach? (I can describe this if anyone wants to know the detail, but it is pretty standard, and this posting is already very long). Thanks for your help, Jim. Abstract of the paper referred to: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most prevalent forms of this disease, with the medial compartment most commonly affected. The direction of external forces and limb orientation during walking results in an adduction moment that acts around the knee, and this parameter is regarded as a surrogate measure of medial knee compression. The knee adduction moment is intimately linked with the development and progression of knee OA and is, therefore, a target for conservative biomechanical intervention strategies, which are the focus of this Review. We examine the evidence for walking barefoot and the use of lateral wedge insoles and thin-soled, flexible shoes to reduce the knee adduction moment in patients with OA. We review strategies that directly affect the gait, such as walking with the foot externally rotated ('toe-out gait'), using a cane, lateral trunk sway and gait retraining. Valgus knee braces and muscle strengthening are also discussed for their effect upon reducing the knee adduction moment.
  3. Hi All, I have a serious problem with Chondramalacia under my left knee cap diagnosed 2 years ago by MRI. I cannot walk up or down stairs, squat, cycle, swim, or even get in and out of the car without noticable pain lasting several minutes. If I persist, the pain worsens. Therefore, I have a much more sedentary lifestyle than I would like. I cannot wrestle or play with my son normally, or do any of the sports I used to do. Historically, the problem might have started with a knee injury suffered when a big guy fell on top of me while practicing a takedown drill in 2008. My left leg was bent and to the side, there was a loud POP, and I could not extend (or maybe it was bend, I can't remember) for about a month. Eventually, knee seemed to return to normal. By late 2010, I noticed about 5 days of pain after skipping rope for maybe 15 minutes. There were quad tears on rectus femoris October-December 2011, dx of left hip OA february 2011, and a "hot" kneecap by summer 2011. Doing PT for the left hip in October-November 2011 showed up more pain in the left knee, using a warm up bicycle or bridging, for example. Pain was intermittent for the next year or two. Fortunately, by about March 2013, the left knee chondramalacia became 100% pain free doing regular activities! Calve raises; leg curls; double leg squats with ball behind the back helped. But following Kit's advice with anti-pronation calf raises PLUS Single Leg Squats really sealed the deal. But most unfortunately, I followed my sports doctors advice to have 3 Synvisc injections over April-May, in order to get me on an exercise bike. Problem was that I still could not really swim or bike or do cardio exercise at that time. My sports doc, the famous Dr. Galea, did NOT tell me until the injections had started that I would have to lay off ALL lower body strength exercises for a full 6 weeks after the 3rd Synvisc injection! I never was able to regain the previous results of the SLS's and anti-pronation exercises. About one month after the injections, by June 2013, I could not even go up and down stairs without a lot of pain, and presumably further damage, under the knee cap. Today, 14 months after the Synvisc, I still have to go down stairs typically on my buttox or take an elevators. If I MUST squat, I go up and down on my right leg, which of course presents new problems. I just wish someone could give me some advice, maybe help me design an exercise program for this. Of course I've seen therapists, spending a couple thousand dollars, but nothing has helped. I am certainly not about to mix therapies or follow more than one set of recommendations but I AM open to the Stretch Therapy approach exclusively, if it can help at this stage. Positively, using a pointy roller does sometimes loosen up all the tissues above the left knee and provide significant relief. At times, no doubt tightness among these tissues causes some of the problem with the left knee pain. I do a slew of exercises for my lower body that do not cause harm and seem to help a bit. Glute max, Glue med, Electro Stim on VMO, I do. If it were possible to get a direct assessment in Toronto from Kit, I would do it. Absent that, can anyone provide some sage advice? G
  4. I had a student the other day who has haemochromatosis. And asked if yoga or in particular the stretch therapy sequences for hands/writsts etc. will be good for his joints. He said sometimes opening a jar can cause his joints to 'ache' for hours afterwards. Now I totally understand that general questions like this are so hard for any teacher to answer - the legalities, the scope of one's own knowledge & limitations to knowing the persons health background information. In general though - regarding arthritis and this particular form of it... Does anyone know of the benefits/ contra-indications using the PNF techniques? Will this assist in decreasing the inflammation that occurs in the joints Researching online for myself I found that general exercise is good/ better diet-lifestyle... Pretty much the basic changes for anyone to live a healthier life....
  5. I would be most interested in any help and suggestions. I am 38 years old, a former competitive middle-distance runner, planning on a general workout program as follows: running/swimming; yoga/gymnastics strength training; and, grappling (BJJ/Wrestling). This will be a humble, well-rounded program, about 2 hours/day 6-7 days/week with an emphasis on the low-impact activities. Unfortunately, I have injuries to take care of first. These are: 1. Mild OA in both hips, currently stabalized with PT exercises. 2. Chondramalacia + undiagnosed pain in left knee. Injured knee in wrestling drill in 2008 where a big guy landed on me, my leg went out to the side, and a loud pop ensued, but it seemed to heal on its own over a month or two. Pain on excessive weight bearing; aggravated by any cycling, bridging, and even kicking of swimming. 3. Right shoulder supraspinatis partial tendon tear and 7mm separation in AC joint and inflammed bursa. No idea how the injury ocurred, but must be related to a BJJ submission in which my arm was bent behind my back in 2009. So basically, I'm walking wounded, and quite frankly, I have not had a day without some kind of chronic injury since 2007. Nothing major, just always enough to preclude actual training. I do have a sports doctor helping me with the knee and shoulder. But my big concern is how can I best reduce the chance of ongoing injuries as I start this new exercise program in the spring??? For instance, can the Overcome Neck and Back Pain program help me with knee and hip issues? I have no known problems with the rest of my body including neck and back, although mild scholiosis but this rarely presents as problematic. Any and all suggestions appreciated. Thanks so much for this great site and forum! Geoffrey
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